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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. Related: Stephen Hawking’s life in pictures. Stephen Hawking, the brilliant British theoretical physicist who overcame a debilitating disease to publish wildly popular books probing the mysteries of the universe, has died, according to a family spokesman. Stephen William Hawking (IPA: ['stivən 'hɔkɪŋ]) nasceu exatamente no aniversário de 300 anos da morte de Galileu. Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. (Stephen Hawking) Ho notato che anche le persone che sostengono che tutto sia già stato scritto e che non possiamo fare nulla per cambiare le cose guardano prima di attraversare la strada. Talking about his personal life, he married twice in his life but both ended in a divorce. He had three children … PHOTO: Hawking studied physics at University College, Oxford (B.A., 1962), and Trinity Hall, Cambridge (Ph.D., 1966). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Let’s hope we can avoid dropping the basket until we have spread the load.”. Considered by many to be the world’s greatest living scientist, Hawking was also a cosmologist, astronomer, mathematician and author of numerous books including the landmark “A Brief History of Time,” which has sold more than 10 million copies. Nel 2018, ci hanno lasciato grandi personaggi come Stephen Hawking, Dolores O'Riordan, George HW Bush e Aretha Franklin. In 2008 he accepted a visiting research chair at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Think of it as a kind of vacuum energy permeating the fabric of spacetime that defies measure. He also wrote best-selling books, the most famous of which was A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes (1988). Stephen Hawking e la morte Parlava anche della morte, un’eventualità che risiedeva più lontano di quanto pensassero i medici. If an account exists, we've sent an email with a link to reset your password. The following year, he co-authored “The Grand Design” with Leonard Mlodinow. Hawking was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1982 and a Companion of Honour in 1989. Era famoso soprattutto per le sue teorie sui buchi neri. Bryan Bedder/Getty Images for Breakthrough Prize Foundation, Hawking on the creation of the universe (2010), Black hole breakthrough lee pkg_00002217.jpg. Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942. Verification email has been resent. His courage and persistence with his brilliance and humor inspired people across the world.”, “He once said, ‘It would not be much of a universe if it wasn’t home to the people you love.’ We will miss him forever.”. In 1971 he suggested the formation, following the big bang, of numerous objects containing as much as one billion tons of mass but occupying only the space of a proton. Hawking’s contributions to physics earned him many exceptional honours. Tributes flood in for Stephen Hawking. Nello stesso giorno in cui, 139 anni fa, nasceva Albert Einstein . All Rights Reserved. Tutti loro lasciano un’enorme eredità scientifica, culturale o sociale, ma anche patrimoniale. (Photo by Bryan Bedder/Getty Images for Breakthrough Prize Foundation), PHOTO: In September 2016, Hawking joined 375 “concerned” scientists in penning an open letter criticizing then-presidential candidate Donald Trump, citing the threat of climate change and blasting his push for the US to leave the Paris accord. (Photo by Cancan Chu/Getty Images), PHOTO: He had at least 12 honorary degrees and was awarded the CBE in 1982. “We have lost an amazing human being.”. Please click the button below to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy. Santi Visalli/Archive Photos/Getty Images, Stephen Hawking's life, including his battle with Lou Gehrig's Disease, was recently made into biopic, "The Theory of Everything.". “God may exist, but science can explain the universe without the need for a creator.”. In the early 1960s Hawking contracted amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, an incurable degenerative neuromuscular disease. Oggi è scomparso Stephen Hawking, l’astrofisico britannico affetto da una malattia del motoneurone che lo ha costretto per anni all’immobilità. É morto Stephen Hawking, esattamente 139 anni dopo la nascita di Einstein L'astrofisico di fama mondiale si è spento all'età di 76 anni nella sua abitazione. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was elected a research fellow at Gonville and Caius College at Cambridge. Nel 2007, Stephen Hawking ha volato a gravità zero su un velivolo specializzato. Stephen Hawking, icona universale della scienza moderna, è morto questa mattina, nella sua casa di Cambridge. Nel 1985, Stephen sopravvisse alla polmonite e perse la capacità di parlare. He and his first wife, Jane Wilde, wed when he was still a graduate student and remained together for 30 years before divorcing in 1995. Stephen Hawking, RIP 1942-2018. pic.twitter.com/nAanMySqkt, Hawking leaves behind three children and three grandchildren. Seus pais eram Frank Hawking, um biólogo pesquisador que trabalhava como parasitólogo no Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa Médica de Londres , e Isabel Hawking. Hawking became a hero to math and science geeks and a pop-culture figure, guest-starring as himself on “Star Trek: The Next Generation” and “The Simpsons.” His life was dramatized in the 2014 movie, “The Theory of Everything.”, Related Article The disease left Hawking paralyzed and using a wheelchair for mobility. But it shows that one need not lose hope.”, Related: Hawking’s theory on everything, in his own words. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Hawking used a speech synthesizer that allowed him to speak in a computerized voice with an American accent. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Stephen W. Hawking (centre) experiencing zero gravity aboard a modified Boeing 727, April 2007. Hawking è noto al pubblico di tutto il mondo per le sue scoperte scientifiche […] Stephen Hawking, the brilliant British theoretical physicist who overcame a debilitating disease to publish wildly popular books probing the mysteries of the universe, has died. At Cambridge, he held the position of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics – the prestigious post previously held by Sir Isaac Newton, widely considered one of the greatest scientists in modern history – for 30 years until 2009. Stephen Hawking's first spouse was Jane Wilde. Hawking suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease, which is usually fatal within a few years. After his engagement, Hawking said that he was inspired to live for. I genitori, sebbene le proprie famiglie non fossero economicamente stabili, frequentarono l'Università di Oxford, dove il padre studiò medicina tropicale e la madre invece … Singer Zayn Malik of One Direction, winners of Artist of the Year, Favorite Pop/Rock Band/Duo/Group and Favorite Pop/Rock Album, poses in the press room at the 2014 American Music Awards at Nokia Theatre L.A. Live on November 23, 2014 in Los Angeles, California. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). National Geographic - Genius Docuseries Now on Disney + Read More. David Silverman/Getty Images. Hawking was married twice. Ellis), Superspace and Supergravity (1981), The Very Early Universe (1983), and the best sellers A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes (1988), The Universe in a Nutshell (2001), A Briefer History of Time (2005), and The Grand Design (2010; coauthored with Leonard Mlodinow). He became professor of gravitational physics at Cambridge in 1977, and in 1979 he was appointed to Cambridge’s Lucasian professorship of mathematics, a post once held by Isaac Newton. He proposed that black holes would emit subatomic particles until they eventually exploded. Updates? On 14th March 2018, Professor Stephen Hawking died peacefully at his home in Cambridge (in a strange tribute, this date is also the birthday of Albert Einstein). Clarification: A previous version of this story described Hawking as being “wheelchair-bound.” We’ve updated the language to avoid the cliché and to note that wheelchairs increase mobility for their users. After the book was published in 2010, Hawking told CNN that science can explain the universe without the need for a creator. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Related Article Related Article Success! Frank Leonhardt/dpa/AP, NEW YORK, NEW YORK - APRIL 12: Stephen Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, Dennis Stanton Avery and Sally Tsui Wong-Avery Director of Research, University of Cambridge speaks on stage as he and Yuri Milner host press conference to announce Breakthrough Starshot, a new space exploration initiative, at One World Observatory on April 12, 2016 in New York City. Think of it as a kind of vacuum energy permeating the fabric of spacetime that defies measure.”, His passing has left an intellectual vacuum in his wake. Stephen Hawking (27 ottobre 1982 - 30 febbraio 1815, entrambe sono le date di nascita e di morte) nacque in una Ford del 1892, auto prodotta esattamente quattrocento anni dopo la scoperta dell’America, scoperta da Stephen Hawking stesso, come ama ricordare.Durante l'infanzia provò subito un grande interesse per l'universo, subito dopo aver maledetto la Chiesa e Dio. Well-wishers greeting physicist Stephen W. Hawking (in the wheelchair) in 2007 at the Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility in Florida after a zero-gravity flight. In occasione della morte del grande astrofisico, ecco una serie di cose da sapere sul grande scienziato. Hawking was born in Oxford, England, on what an auspicious date: January 8, 1942 – the 300th anniversary of the death of astronomer and physicist Galileo Galilei. Hawking also discovered that black holes were not completely black but emit radiation and would likely eventually evaporate and disappear. “But it’s not empty. Il sintetizzatore della funzione verbale è stato installato sulla sedia dello scienziato, che Hawking controllava con l’indice destro e poi – il muscolo facciale del viso. These objects, called mini black holes, are unique in that their immense mass and gravity require that they be ruled by the laws of relativity, while their minute size requires that the laws of quantum mechanics apply to them also. 3:31 AM EDT, Wed March 14, 2018, ARCHIV - 16.10.2001, Bayern, München: Der britische Astrophysiker Stephen Hawking präsentiert sein neues Buch «Das Universum in der Nussschale». PHOTO: Hawking worked primarily in the field of general relativity and particularly on the physics of black holes. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Hawking's thesis crashed Cambridge University's website. “He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years. Stephen Hawking received a bachelor’s degree in physics from University College, Oxford, in 1962 and a doctorate in physics from Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 1966. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Stephen-Hawking, Famous Scientists - Biography of Stephen Hawking, MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - Biography of Stephen William Hawking, Stephen Hawking - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Stephen Hawking - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Password reset email has been resent. He also worked with space-time singularities. “A star just went out in the cosmos,” Lawrence Krauss, a theoretical physicist and cosmologist, wrote on Twitter. In 1974 the Royal Society elected him one of its youngest fellows. Stephen Hawking, Actor: Star Trek: The Next Generation. Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford on January 8, 1942, the 300th anniversary of the death of Galileo Galilei. His ashes are buried in Westminster Abbey … Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking says he can't explain Donald Trump's political rise. “It will be difficult enough to avoid disaster on planet Earth in the next 100 years, let alone next thousand, or million. Forse non tutti sanno che, a dispetto della sua. (Stephen Hawking) Non ho paura della morte, ma non ho fretta di morire. He continued to work despite the disease’s progressively disabling effects. It can be done - An Earth Day Message Read More. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. The Stephen Hawking Estate congratulate Sir Roger Penrose winning the 2020 Nobel Prize Read More. Cosmologist Stephen Hawking on October 10, 1979, in Princeton, New Jersey. Despite being a British citizen he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the US’s highest civilian honor, in 2009 by President Barack Obama. “We are deeply saddened that our beloved father passed away today,” Hawking’s children, Lucy, Robert and Tim, said in a statement. To complete your CNN profile and ensure you are able to receive important account information, please verify your email address. Yet Hawking once said if he had the chance to meet either Newton or Marilyn Monroe, he would opt for the movie star. He met her just around the time that he would be diagnosed with motor neuron disease. Stephen Hawking, in full Stephen William Hawking, (born January 8, 1942, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England—died March 14, 2018, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire), English theoretical physicist whose theory of exploding black holes drew upon both relativity theory and quantum mechanics. With fellow physicist Roger Penrose, Hawwking merged Einstein’s theory of relativity with quantum theory to suggest that space and time would begin with the Big Bang and end in black holes. © 2021 Cable News Network. Stephen W. Hawking with his daughter, Lucy, at NASA's 50th Anniversary Lecture Series, April 21, 2008. Bruno Vincent/Scott Olson/Getty Images, hailed Hawking for his work and influence. It wasn’t simply that Hawking could give a … “Gravity and quantum theory caused universes to be created spontaneously out of nothing,” Hawking said in 2010. In an exclusive interview with CNN in October 2008, Hawking said that if humans can survive the next 200 years and learn to live in space, then our future will be bright. “Ho vissuto con la prospettiva di una morte prematura negli ultimi 49 anni. Hawking’s work greatly spurred efforts to theoretically delineate the properties of black holes, objects about which it was previously thought that nothing could be known. Stephen Hawking, English theoretical physicist whose theory of exploding black holes drew upon both relativity theory and quantum mechanics. Hawking died on 14 March 2018 in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire of complications from motor neuron disease at the age of 76. Stephen Hawking was a British scientist, professor and author who performed groundbreaking work in physics and cosmology, and whose books helped to make science accessible to everyone. “I have been lucky that my condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case. Figlio dello scienziato Frank Hawking (1905-1986) e di Isobel Eileen Walker (1915-2013), Stephen Hawking nacque l'8 gennaio 1942, esattamente 300 anni dopo la morte di Galileo, come egli stesso amava ricordare. Cancan Chu/Getty Images, JERUSALEM, ISRAEL - DECEMBER 14: British scientist Prof. Stephen Hawking gives his "The Origin of the Universe" lecture to a packed hall December 14, 2006 at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. He wanted to study mathematics, but as the degree was not available in the late 1950s at University College Oxford, where his parents had studied, he enrolled instead in natural sciences, going on to specialize in physics. “I believe that the long-term future of the human race must be in space,” Hawking told CNN’s Becky Anderson. Stephen W. Hawking (left) receiving the Copley Medal of the Royal Society, 2006. Omissions? A Warner Media Company. “Science is increasingly answering questions that used to be the province of religion,” he added. Fellow scientists hailed Hawking for his work and influence in the field. Stephen Hawking: 'I may not be welcome' in Trump's America. He was 76. Oggi, giorno della morte dell’astrofisico britannico Stephen Hawking, vogliamo dedicargli un articolo per ricordare tutte le sue apparizioni nelle serie TV. Jason Merritt/Getty Images, Stephen Hawking solves One Direction problem, stephen hawking theory everything redmayne_00015017.jpg, Stephen Hawking happy to lend Redmayne his voice, BEIJING - JUNE 21: British scientist Stephen Hawking attends a conference during the 2006 International Conference on String Theory on June 21, 2006 in Beijing, China. He was able to move only a few fingers on one hand and was completely dependent on others or on technology for virtually everything – bathing, dressing, eating, even speech. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Queste sono le eredità milionarie di 21 grandi figure che ci hanno lasciato nel 2018. (Photo by David Silverman/Getty Images), PHOTO: The human race shouldn’t have all its eggs in one basket, or on one planet. Stephen Hawking, uno dei più celebri scienziati e fisici del mondo, è morto a Cambridge a 76 anni. He also received the Copley Medal from the Royal Society in 2006 and the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009. Hawking suffers from ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or Lou Gehrigs disease), which has rendered him quadriplegic, and is able to speak only via a computerized voice synthesizer which is operated by batting his eyelids. Stephen William Hawking, (Oxford, 8 de xenaro 1942 – Cambridge, 14 de marso 2018), el xe sta on cosmòłogo, fìxego, matemàtego, astrofìxego, acadèmego e divulgator sentìfego britànego, intrà i pì autorévołi e conosesti fìxeghi teòreghi inte el mondo, conosesto soradetuto par i so studi so i buxi neri, so ła cosmołoxia cuantìstega e so ła orìxane de l'universo His work was also important because it showed these properties’ relationship to the laws of classical thermodynamics and quantum mechanics. Hawking is visiting Beijing to attend the conference on the riddle of string theory which, if solved, could help unlock the mysteries of black holes and the creation of the universe, according to reports. At the private funeral in Cambridge, the streets thronged with admirers and fans who saw Stephen as very much ‘one of their own’. Roger Penrose Lecture Read More. “I try to lead as normal a life as possible, and not think about my condition, or regret the things it prevents me from doing, which are not that many,” he wrote on his website. A síndrome lentamente tomou conta do corpo do professor Hawking, deixando-o na cadeira de rodas por toda a vida, incapaz de falar nos anos 70, exceto por meio de um sintetizador de voz. PHOTO: Success! He was diagnosed in 1963, when he was 21, and doctors initially gave him only a few years to live. Stephen Hawking è dopo la morte di Galileo, è uno tra i cosmologi più autorevoli e conosciuti del mondo - Scoprilo sul Giardino dei Libri La morte del grande astrofisico Stephen Hawking ha lasciato un enorme vuoto nel mondo della scienza. (zu dpa "Britischer Astrophysiker Stephen Hawking gestorben" vom 14.03.2018) Photo by: Frank Leonhardt/picture-alliance/dpa/AP Images, PHOTO: Stephen Hawking, Dolores O'Riordan, George H.W. In the 1960s Hawking contracted amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), an incurable degenerative neuromuscular disease, but he continued to work despite its disabling effects. Stephen Hawking remembered: Beyond his towering intellect was a passion for sharing with everyone the wonder of science. His publications included The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time (1973; coauthored with G.F.R. Corrections? The couple got engaged in October 1964 and tied the knot on July 14, 1965. A CBE, or Commander in the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, is considered a major honor for a British citizen and is one rank below knighthood. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. Updated “His passing has left an intellectual vacuum in his wake,” tweeted Neil deGrasse Tyson. Stephen Hawking worked on the physics of black holes. Stephen Hawking morte Stephen Hawking, l'astrofisico che ci ha lasciato il 14 marzo 2018 — Fonte: ansa. Morte Stephen Hawking, l’astrofisico di fama mondiale è morto all’età di 76 anni nella sua abitazione a Cambridge. But it's not empty. In 1974 Hawking proposed that, in accordance with the predictions of quantum theory, black holes emit subatomic particles until they exhaust their energy and finally explode. Stephen Hawking em sua infância, antes da doença e no momento de sua morte. …holes by the English astrophysicist Stephen W. Hawking.…. Stephen Hawking fino alla morte ha dedicato la sua vita a compiere ricerche e sviluppare teorie rispetto ai suoi ambiti di competenza: astrofisica, cosmologia e matematica. Hawking was later married for 11 years to Elaine Mason, one of his former nurses. After stepping down, Hawking continued to work at the university as director of research at the Institute for Theoretical Cosmology.

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